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Professional Reference articles are deed for health professionals to incest girls. You may find one of our health articles more useful. NICE has issued rapid update guidelines in relation to many of these. This guidance is changing frequently. Incest can be defined as sexual activity with a person from within the immediate family. However, the exact relationships which can be construed as incest will vary from culture to culture. Many countries have laws that forbid incest but there is considerable variation in the exact nature of these.
The aim of this law was to protect children up to the age of 18 from any form of activity that a person would consider sexual or indecent. The offender may be an adult or another. It recognises the modern family unit and it defines familial sexual abuse as being between a person and their parent including adoptive or fostergrandparent, child, grandchild, sibling or half-sibling, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece [ 1 ]. The Sexual Offences Act also prohibits adult sexual relationships but within a slightly narrower definition that includes just close blood relationships only - parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother, sister, half-brother, half-sister, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece.
The most common manifestations are sibling incest and father-daughter incest [ 2 ]. Sibling sexual abuse is usually recognised as being the most common form of sexual abuse within families. Father-daughter incest was reported by 2. One study from Scandinavia looked at all child sexual abuse in one area [ 4 ] :. The offender is reported as male in most cases but female involvement may be under-reported. Although sibling incest is thought to be the most frequently occurring form of incest, the abuse of daughters by fathers or stepfathers is more commonly reported [ 5 ].
Abuse by stepfathers is up to five times higher than that by biological fathers. Physical symptoms may include:. Incest is usually repeated and will often continue for many years. As the daughter reaches an age when she may be able to resist or flee, the activity may be repeated with a incest girls sister.
Though the profiles of incestuous families may vary, the father-perpetrator is typically an immature individual with low self-esteem, while the wife-mother is depressed, helpless or otherwise emotionally absent [ 6 ]. The father often uses alcohol to allay his inhibitions before molesting his daughters. Theories have proposed that girls may feel powerless to take active steps to end the abuse for fear of disrupting the family unit [ 7 ]. The increase in the divorce rates may have placed more children at risk than ly. When women begin new relationships, they may unwittingly be putting their children at greater risk for sexual abuse from the men they date.
The study by Stroebel et al identified risk factors for father-daughter incest [ 3 ]. In the study, father figures were included within the definition of father-daughter. These risk factors included:. According to another survey, if the mother remarries, "the stepdaughters are over eight times more at risk of sexual abuse by the stepfathers who reared incest girls than are daughters reared by their biological fathers" [ 8 ]. See the separate Safeguarding Children - Referral and Management of an Abused or At-risk Child article for details as the principles of management are the same.
Sexual Offences Act J Child Sex Abus. Sex Abuse. Arch Sex Behav. Cyr M, Wright J, McDuff P, et al ; Intrafamilial sexual abuse: brother-sister incest does not differ from father-daughter and stepfather-stepdaughter incest. Child Abuse Negl. Kutz I ; Revisiting the lot of the first incestuous family: the biblical origins of shifting the blame on to female family members.
Herman JL ; Father-daughter incest, Boston. Harvard University Press, Russell DEH ; The secret trauma. Incest in the lives of girls and women. Ive had some itching since earlier in the year, lately its gotten worse. Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment incest girls medical conditions. Egton Medical Information Systems Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy.
Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. For details see our conditions. This article is for Medical Professionals. In this article Epidemiology Presenting features Associated factors Management.
The child's welfare is paramount. The child's best interests override other considerations such as confidentiality, consent and the carer's interests. Where there is an immediate risk of incest girls harm toact immediately. Share information with other agencies on a "need to know" basis. Where possible, and if compatible with the child's best interests: Respect the child's views.
Obtain consent. Involve the carers if the child is competent, this must be with the child's agreement. Do not involve carers if this would compromise the child's safety or evidence. Keep full and contemporaneous records. Remember other children in the household - are they at risk?
All doctors have a duty to safeguard children and to ensure follow-on care for the child: The non-specialist's role is not to make a definite diagnosis of child abuse but to recognise the possibility and enlist appropriate help.
The doctor concerned about must ensure follow-on care. Further reading and references. the discussion on the forums. Health Tools Feeling unwell? Assess your symptoms online with our free symptom checker. Start symptom checker.Incest girls
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